Discrimination is a treatment; consideration and/or making a distinction either in favour or against a person or group based upon a protected characteristic as set out in the Equality Act 2010.
The Equality Act 2010 sets out the rights and provisions in which an individual or group holds in relation to equality within the workplace. It recognises nine protected characteristics that are protected from acts of discrimination. These are Sex, Disability, Pregnancy/Maternity, Race, Age, Sexual Orientation, Gender Reassignment, Marriage/Civil Partnership and Religion and belief.
Discrimination is usually as a result of direct conduct, indirect conduct, conduct of harassment, victimisation and in the instance of disability conduct arising from a disability and a failure to make reasonable adjustments.
Direct discrimination is treating somebody less favourably because of a protected characteristic.
Indirect discrimination involves imposing a provision, criterion or practice against an individual or group that by doing so places them at a substantial disadvantage.
Harassment is a form of conduct which is unwanted and causes the individual to be subjected to an intimidating, hostile, degrading, offensive and humiliating environment.
Victimisation is less favourable treatment imposed on an individual following them raising their upset and concern at how the Equality Act has been, is being or may be being followed. Victimisation can also apply when a person is treated less favourably because they have brought proceedings in the past in relation to a discrimination claim, or provided evidence or information in connection with such a claim.